Internationalization of Universities: Emerging Trends, Challenges and Opportunities

Asma Mohsin, Khalid Zaman

Abstract


Internationalization of higher education is not a new phenomenon. The concept has grown more by the time and now it has become an important strategic priority for many institutions and governments. Governments and institutions have invested and continue to invest considerable resource in internationalization. Internationalization of higher education is seen as one of the ways a country responds to the impact of globalization. The aim of this study is to examine how the process of internationalization has evolved overtime, and how it is occurring in today’s global knowledge economy. This article presents the review of the process of internationalization of higher education in a historical context. It also discusses that international mobility of students, scholars, programs, and institutions of higher education is driven by academic, cultural, political, and economic rationales. Furthermore, the study concludes that most of the higher education institutions refrain from aiming to become global institutions because of the academic and economic barriers.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Association of American Colleges. (1985). Integrity of the college curriculum: A report to the academic community. Washington, DC: Association of American Colleges.

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (1995b) Internationalization and Canadian Universities , AUCC.

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. (2000). Progress and promise: The

AUCC report on Internationalization at Canadian Universities. Ottawa: AUCC.

Altbach, P. and Teichler, U. (2001). Internationalisation and Exchanges in a Globalized

University. Journal of Studies in International Education. 5 (1), pp 5-25.

Altbach, P. & Knight, J. (2006). The internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities. Retrieved December 05, 2006, from http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/soe/cihe/pga/pdf/Internationalization_2006.pdf

Allaway, W. (1991). The future of international educational exchange. American Behavioral Scientist, Retrieved December 05, 2006, from the SAGE Social Sciences Collections. 35(1), pp 55-63.

Andere, E., (2004), The international higher education market: Mexico's change: Journal of Studies in International Education. 8(1), pp 56-85.

Arum, S., & Van de Water, J. (1992). The need for a definition of international education in U.S. universities. In C. Klasek (Ed.), Bridges to the future: Strategies for internationalizing higher education (pp. 198–206). Carbondale, IL: Association of International Education Administrators.

Baron, Britta. (1993). The Politics of Academic Mobility in Western Europe Higher Education Policy. 6(3), pp 50-54.

Becker, S. (1962). Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis.

The Journal of Political Economy, 70(1), pp. 9-49.

Bond, S., Huang, J., & Qian, J. (2003). The role of faculty in internationalizing the undergraduate curriculum and classroom experience. Ottawa: Canadian Bureau of International Education.

Bowry, C. (2002). Foreign students on campus: Questioning the educational benefits. C. Bowry, & S. T. Bond (Eds.) Connections and Complexities: The Internationalization of Higher Education in Canada (pp.55-77).

Burn, B., & Opper, S. (1982). Internationalizing higher education in Sweden: The development of a national priority. European Journal of Education, 17(1), pp 49-57.

Childress, Lissa K. (2010). The Twenty-First Century University. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.

Cudmore, G. (2005). Globalization, internationalization, and the recruitment of international students in higher education, and in Ontario colleges of applied arts and technology. The Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 35(1), pp 37-60.

De Wit, H. (2002). Internationalisation of Higher Education in the United States and Europe. Westport. CT: Greenwood.

Djanaeva, N. (2001). The Internationalization of higher education in Kyrgyzstan.

http://condor.depaul.edu/∼rrotenbe/aeer/v17n2/Djanaeva.pdf

Ellingboe, B. (1998). Divisional strategies to internationalize a campus portrait: Results, resistance, and recommendations from a case study at a U.S. university. In J. A. Mestenhauser, & B. J. Ellingboe (Eds.), reforming the higher education curriculum (pp.198-228). Minnesota: The Oryx Press.

Frazis, H. (2002): ‘Human Capital, Signaling, and the Pattern of Returns to Education’, Oxford Economic Papers, 54(2), pp. 298-320.

Green, M. (2002). Joining the world: The challenge of internationalizing undergraduate education. Change, 34(3), 13-21.

Green, M. F., & Olson, C. (2003) Internationalizing the Campus: A User’s Guide, American Council on Education.

Guruz, K. (2008). Higher Education and International Students Mobility in the Global Knowledge Economy. Albany, State University of New York

Haigh, M., (1994), Education as an export, Open Doors.

Horie, M. (2002). The internationalization of higher education in Japan in the 1990s: A reconsideration. Higher Education 43(1), pp 65-84.

Huebner, Lee W. (1994). “Thriving on a Sense of Dislocation: Global Competence among International Journalists and Corporate Leaders.” In Educational Exchange and Global Competence, edited by Richard D. Lambert, 67–76. New York: Council on International Educational Exchange.

International Association of Universities. (2005). Internationalization survey: Preliminary

report. Retrieved December 05, 2006, from UNESCO Website: https://www.unesco.org/iau/internationalization

Johnston J, Edelstein R (1993). Beyond Borders: Profiles in International Education, AAC, Washington.

Knight, J. (1994). Checkpoints for an internationalization strategy. Ottawa: Canadian Bureau of International Education.

Knight, J. 1999. Internationalization of higher education. In J. Knight, & H. de Wit (Eds.), Quality and internationalization in higher education, Paris: OECD: pp. 13-23.

Knight, J. (2008). Higher education in turmoil. The Changing World of Internationalization. Rotterdam, the Netherlands Sense Publishers

Kritz, M. (2013). International Student Mobility and Tertiary Education Capacity in Africa. International Migration. doi: 10.1111/imig.12053

Marden, P. G. & Engerman, D. C. (1992)“International Interest: Liberal Arts Colleges Take the High Road” , Educational Record , Spring, pp. 42 46.

Merkur´ev, S. (1991). Implications of internationalization for the university. American Behavioral Scientist, 35 (1), 43-54.

Mestenhauser, J. (2002). The utilization of foreign students in internationalization of universities. In C. Bowry, & S. T. Bond (Eds.) Connections and complexities: The internationalization of higher education in Canada (pp.15-27). University of Manitoba, Canada: Center for Higher Education Research and Development.

Mestenhauser, J. (2002). Critical, creative, and comparative thinking in an internationalized curriculum. In C. Bowry, & S. T. Bond (Eds.) Connections and complexities: The internationalization of higher education in Canada (pp.55-77). University of Manitoba, Canada: Center for Higher Education Research and Development.

Murphy, M. (2007). Experiences in the internationalization of education: Strategies to promote equality of opportunity at Monterrey Tech. Higher Education, 53, 167-208.

Nakayama, S. (1984). Academic and scientific traditions in China, Japan, and the West (J. Dusenbury, Trans.). Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press.

Nilsson, B. (2003). Internationalization at home from a Swedish perspective: The case of

Malmo. Journal of Studies in International Education, 7 (1), 27-40.

Paige, R. M. & Mestenhauser, J. A. (1999)“Internationalizing Educational Administration” , Education Administration Quarterly , vol.35, pp. 500 -517.

Paige, R. M. (1993)“On the Nature of Intercultural Experiences and Intercultural Education” ,Paige, R.M.(ed.) Education for the Intercultural Experience , Intercultural Press, pp. 1 19.

Perkin. H. (2006). History of universities. In Forester, J.J.F. and Altbach, P.G. (ED). International Handbook of Universities. Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Springer. 159-206

Ridder-Symoens, H. (Ed.). (1996). A history of the university in Europe: Vol. 2. Universities in early modern Europe (1500–1800). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Roberts, J., Cruz,A.M..R., and Herbst, J. (1996). Exporting models. In Ridder Symoens (Ed0. Universities in early modern Europe (1500-1800), Vol. 2 Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.256-282.

Rowan, R. (1993). The attitudes and opinions of international students studying in the College of Education at the University of Minnesota. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

Selvaratnam, V. (1988). Higher education cooperation and Western dominance of knowledge creation and flows in Third World countries. Higher Education, 17 (1), pp. 41-68.

Smith, A. (1994) “QUALITY AND INTERNATIONAL HIGHER EDUCATION”, EAIE Newsletter, EAIE, Amsterdam, no. 13, p.17.

Stohl, Michael, (2007). We Have Met the Enemy and He Is Us: The Role of the Faculty in the Internationalization of Higher Education in the Coming Decade. Journal of Studies in International Education, Vol. 11 No.3/4, 359-372

Task Force on Education at Northern Illinois University, 1998, Draft report and recommendations, Northern Illinois University.

Van der Wende, M. (1997). Missing links: The relationship between national policies for internationalization and those for higher education in general. In T. Kalvermark & M. Van der Wende (Eds.), National policies for the internationalization of higher education in Europe (pp. 10–31). Stockholm, Sweden: Hogskoleverket Studies, National Agency for Higher Education.

Weitzman, Hal. 2010. A clear vision of how to meet demand. Financial Times, April 12.

Welch, A. R. (1997). The peripatetic professor: The internationalization of the academic profession. Higher education 34: 323-345.

Wollitzer, P. A. (1991). Global change and the internationalization of higher education. American Behavioral Scientist, 35(1), 5-15. Retrieved April 05, 2006, from the SAGE Social Sciences Collections.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.